In 1994, as Oliver Stone's Natural Born Killers was being released, his producers Don Murphy and Jane Hamsher were looking for the trio's next project. (Hamsher recounts these events in her book, Killer Instinct). Murphy was a lifelong fan of the Planet of the Apes series, and sort of haphazardly threw Stone into a meeting with a roomful of studio executives. As they were eagerly leaning in to see Stone reveal his master plan for Apes, he said, "Oh, I don't know, I watched the original films a couple nights ago and they are awful. I'm only here because of Don Murphy. You should talk to him." A roomful of betrayed executives glared at Murphy. Murphy started floundering and pitching the potential for Happy Meal toys, and was met with embarrassment and dismay. Finally, Stone stepped in and delivered an idea that Hamsher jokes was an acid flashback. "What if time were not linear, but circular, and there was no difference between the past and the future?...And what if there were discovered cryogenically frozen Vedic Apes who held the secret numeric codes to the Bible that foretold the end of civilization?" The execs loved it and cut Stone a check.
Thus begins the tale of the production of Return of the Apes. Jane Hamsher worked with Road Warrior/Beyond Thunderdome screenwriter Terry Hayes, and they were able to produce a screenplay that attracted Arnold Schwarzenegger to star in the leading role. Some bizarre pieces were falling into place, so we tracked down a copy of the script to see just how they would have landed.
1. Characters Named After Lord of the Rings and Other Strange Pop-Culture References
This isn't a coincidence. It's not like two people named John Smith or something. Hayes has leading apes named Strider and Nazgul, as well as a human named Aragorn. Aragorn is a slave to the apes, but among humans he was a leader figure, just like Tolkien's Aragorn. He also possesses a piece of silver, which he swears is called 'mithral.' [sic]
But it doesn't stop at Lord of the Rings. Arnold's character has two names. In his secret past life, he was a scientist named Robert Plant. Possibly tired of getting phone calls from countless Led Zeppelin fans, he changed it to...Will Robinson. Our lead female, Billie Rae Diamond, figures this out, and even laments, "You really were 'Lost in Space' weren't you?" This is after Will has said that the swarms of apes are 'just like Storm Troopers.' We also get two Biblical references, with a high priest named Ma-Gog and a little girl named Eve. And finally, there is an ape whose name is a reference to Zira from the original Planet of the Apes series, except here she is named Zora.
Towards the beginning of the story, Will finds a tape of himself giving a speech, presumably as Dr. Robert Plant. The only clip we hear is, "I have had the opportunity to work with three talented colleagues. I'm also privileged to call them my friends." And then he shuts off the tape, a look of pain on his face. As Apes fans, are we to deduce that he was friends with the three astronauts from the first film? It's a stretch, but that's nothing compared to the plot.
2. The Virus/DNA Time Traveling
From Page 12: "'I can't recall the details but someone had the idea that mitochondrial DNA was like a genetic memory. If you could unlock it, you could physically travel back down it. Through evolution - like a time machine.' "
The main story, whittled down from Stone's circular time theory, is this: Will and Diamond go back in time to stop a mutation that was invented by the apes and planted in our genetics like a time bomb. And he does this using DNA and a CD-ROM. Early in the script, Will befriends an apathetic UC Berkeley janitor - "They treat me like shit. Worse than shit. All work, no appreciation" - who helps him gain access to the basement, where some flotation tanks are held. These tubes happen to be ideal for time travel. Awesome.
So what's this mutation? Well, it's gruesome, but it's a compelling concept. The human life cycle accelerates exponentially, like some sort of hyper-progeria, so that we die of old age before even leaving the womb. After multiple cases of babies being stillborn fully aged, Will realizes it's time to dust off his crackpot theory and put it to the test; he was the "someone" in the quote above - but as Robert Plant, not Will Robinson. Whatever the case, the old baby plot device is used with strength and clarity, and it serves the story well. It also makes for an insane intro. The first three pages are a delivery and autopsy scene as intense as any action sequence to follow.
3. A Steampunk War Tank Trinity: The Claw, The Balls, The Flame
Page 30: "Rage flashes in Will's eyes... Ape infantry - foot soldiers - are coming into the gorge behind him. In their midst are three huge steam driven machines - like iron Erector Sets. One is The Claw, one is The Balls and the other is The Flame."
Not long after Will gets to Ape City, he finds himself in some trouble. He is a civilized human, after all, and immediately lands on the wrong side of ape society. During an escape scene we see the technology of the ape military, and it is deliciously steampunk. The first machine the audience gets a good look at is The Balls. It's as simple and ridiculous as it sounds: two giant wrecking balls hang from an 'overhead jib,' where the ape sits. The Balls are used to break down a massive wooden door, making way for The Claw: iron jaws that can snap the door's giant crossbeam like a twig. Commotion ensues, and Will is captured before we see much of The Flame. But don't worry: Will pilots it himself in the final battle!
The idea of Arnold controlling a giant steampunk flame-thrower tank is classic enough, but when it runs out of flamethrower fuel, he accelerates and charges down a hill like a battering ram. As it gains speed, an ape general named Drak races alongside on horseback, trying to find Will, who has exited the cockpit and is hanging off the other side. It crashes into the village below, causing quite the upset. Meanwhile, we're left poring through the pages of the script, Erector Sets in hand, looking for just one more clue on how to build those awesome machines.
4. The Vet/ Blood Transfusion
Page 38: "An ape in a leather apron uses a grinding wheel to sharpen a gruesome looking knife. This is the VET. Will lies on a stone slab nearby - it's a sort of medical center: sinks along the walls, racks of equipment, hoses to wash down the blood."
I mentioned above that after we first see the Balls and Claw, Will is captured. This isn't an easy task for Drak and his apes, and they end up almost killing him. Will is taken back to the heart of Ape City, and he's actually bleeding to death when Zora demands for Drak to call a Vet. Knowing this human stranger needs to be studied, Drak agrees. "I didn't bring him all this way just to have him die." This is also when we meet Aragorn, a human slave who is forced to be a donor in an ape-performed blood transfusion.
The Vet promptly produces an animal intestine, complete with digestive tubing on each end. He attaches needles to both tubes, heats them until red hot, and inserts one into Aragorn and the other into Will. Blood flows under the fleshy tissue and fills the bladder with blood before it drains into Will. When asked if it will work, the Vet replies, "You can never tell with these animals. Their bodies aren't as sophisticated as an ape's. Sometimes their blood fights with each other. Either way, you know really quick - they get up and walk around, or they're dead." Ma-Gog (the priest) barges in on the surgery, wearing a lion skin. After one look at Will, he's convinced this sophisticated human creature is the fulfillment of an evil prophecy and halts the process by throwing the bladder on the ground. He's too late though, and Will wakes up. What can we learn from this? For one, ape medical school is a lot like ours: it takes a lot of guts.